Aluminium - The Green Metal
About 8 per cent of the earth’s crust consists of aluminium in the form of different metals. Aluminium is one of the few metals in which the availability of raw materials is literally unlimited.
Did you know?
- Approximately 40% of Primary Aluminium (total worldwide production – approximately 40 million tones) is produced using clean, renewable hydro-electric power.
- Aluminium recycling reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 95%, compared to Primary Aluminium production.
- It only takes 5% of the energy required to produce Primary Aluminium to recycle it.
- Aluminium is an ‘energy bank’ – most of the original input can be recovered every time the Aluminium product is recycled.
- Aluminium can be recycled to infinity without any loss of quality or properties.
- Over 70% of the Aluminium ever produced worldwide is still in use today – 450 million tonnes.
- The total life cycle of an Aluminium drinks can in the UK is 6 weeks, using the Aluminium Industry’s ‘closed loop’ recycling system. The recycling rate for Aluminium drinks cans in the UK is 48%.
- 43% of UK demand for Aluminium is now met by recycled metal. The figure for Europe is 39%.
- Recycling rates for the major market sectors in the UK are high – 90% for Transport and 95% for Building and Architecture.
- Recycling of Aluminium scrap in UK and Europe saves about 90 million tones of greenhouse gas emissions annually, equivalent to the annual emissions from 15 million cars.
- One kilogram of Aluminium used in automotive application can eliminate 20 kilograms of carbon dioxide emissions over the lifetime of an average vehicle.
- 100 Kilograms of weight saving in a car allows fuel saving of up to 0.4 litres per 100 kilometres. Intensive use of aluminium can reduce the weight by 300 kilograms – saving up to 3000 litres of fuel over the car’s lifetime.
Read more about aluminium's green qualities here.